What is the definition of Mortgage?

Mortgage loans are one of the sought-after loans in recent years alongside the mortgage definition. We can define the mortgage, a piece of immovable property pledged to the lender for the loan’s security. 

The lender will be the owner of the prospective property if the borrower defaults to pay the debt according to the terms. In this way, the purchased property becomes collateral which is typically known as a mortgage

Mortgage Definition in Real Estate

In the world of real estate, a mortgage could be any property asset—the lender reserves the rights of—until the borrower adequately returns the entire amount of the debt. The home’s value(pledged property) should be worth equal to the loan amount.

If the borrower fails to return the loan amount within the given terms and conditions, the mortgage lender or mortgage broker reserves all the rights to foreclose the property. In real estate terms, claims on property or liens against the property are some of the other names of mortgage.

Mortgage Redemption Insurance

Mortgage Redemption Insurance(MRI) is a type of insurance policy that backs up the lender if the borrower dies or meets any disability during the mortgage repayment period. The Federal Housing Administration(FHA) offers mortgage insurance if the loan is made by FHA approved lenders. 

It costs a specific amount to the borrower, which is effective from the day the mortgage loan is credited into the borrower’s account. The implied fee isn’t fixed and decreases month-wise. 

Some mortgagees ask for redemption insurance if the deposit amount is below 20% of the loan. Also, some insurance companies permit ongoing insurance as MRI. In such special cases, the borrower must declare the lender beneficiary of the ongoing insurance after specific requirements are met. 

Like Private Mortgage Insurance(PMI) which protects the lender, Redemption Insurance protects the borrower since it prevents the foreclosure or sell-out of his house, which ultimately protects his heirs emotionally and financially.

Mortgage Loan

A mortgage loan is designed for refinancing or purchasing real estate property. Either an individual wishes to buy a home or an organization aims to expand their real estate assets, mortgage loans contribute to give a practical image to their visions. Such people can take out the mortgage loan after pledging the property assets to the lender. 

For instance, if the home buyer or borrower fails to return the loan amount or abide by the terms, the creditor has all the rights to act accordingly with collateral to recover the loaned out amount. 

Depending upon the loan amount and the borrower’s credit history, the lender decides the repayment period—interest rates, mortgage terms, and conditions can vary from lender to lender. 

Mortgage Calculator

A mortgage calculator is an effortless approach to calculate monthly repayments and the financial stability of the applicant. You can use our intelligent mortgage calculator to estimate monthly mortgages with Home Price, Down Payment, Loan Amount, Interest Rate, Property tax and Loan Term.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Does A Mortgage Loan Work? 

Mortgage working is straightforward. It is a secured loan eligible borrowers can get from certified lenders to purchase real estate properties. The borrower agrees to pay back the loan with a fixed or variable interest rate. 

The debtor has to deposit some amount before getting the loan, usually between 3.5% to 25%. More you put as a down payment, lower will be the interest on monthly mortgages. Below this threshold, the bank or lender perhaps asks for Private Mortgage Insurance(PMI)

Why is it called a mortgage? 

The word “mortgage” is derived from old French and Latin grammar, which actually belongs to the medieval Age( A period of thousand years, from the 5th to 15th century). In the word mortgage, the old grammar says ‘mort’ means death, and ‘gage’ means pledge.

Mortgage explicitly speaks about the end of the agreement either the loan is fully paid, or the debtor flops to repay the loan. 

Well, in today’s world, it is not as awful as it sounds. Banks have a different meaning of mortgage and keep the borrowers aware of what they need to know before getting the mortgage loan. 

What is a mortgage? 

Whenever a loan request is made, banks or lending institutes apply certain checks on credit history to ensure the loan’s security. For a home loan, the lender requires property assets to secure the loan amount if the borrower falls short in repayment. In the whole scenario, the collateral property is called a mortgage

How does a mortgage work? 

A mortgage is basically a loan that is borrowed to buy a real estate property. The mortgagor has to deposit at least % of the loan amount, plus closing costs i.e. escrow fees, appraiser fees, mortgage insurance if the deposit is below 20% of the loan. The common repayment pattern is monthly installments. Eligible borrowers pay some part of the principal and committed interest every month until the loan is fully repaid. 

An average repayment period for a mortgage runs up to 25 years. However, the repayment duration can be shorter or longer than this, depending upon the lender. Once the entire amount of the loan is paid with interest, the borrower reserves the proprietary rights. 

In some cases, the borrower returns the overall amount of the loan at the end of terms rather than monthly repayment. Returning the loan this way is called a Balloon loan because of being significant in amount. Furthermore, if the borrower is willing to pay off the mortgage amount before the end of terms, the borrower might face a prepayment penalty.

What are the 3 types of mortgages?

Below are three common types of mortgages loans

Interest-only Mortgage

Like many other loans, the interest-only loan has “interest” and “principal”. An interest-only loan allows the borrower to pay the interest(not principal) for a certain period of time, typically around 5 to 10 years. After that, the “principal” is repaid in subsequent payments or a lump sum.

An interest-only mortgage can be formed into an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM). In an interest-only ARM loan, the borrower pays the interest for several years. Down the road, the mortgagor starts repaying the interest and principal. The interest rate varies after a specific interval, determined in the agreement. If the borrower takes out a “5/1” ARM, they are supposed to pay the principal and the interest, which varies once a year. 

Adjustable-Rate Mortgage or Mortgage ARM

In an Adjustable Rate Mortgage, the interest rate remains constant for a specific period, and then it varies yearly or even monthly, depending upon the agreement. The maximum interest fluctuation is conveyed to the borrower in the agreement. The initial period during which the interest remains unchanged is called the introductory period. ARM is also called floating mortgages or variable-rate mortgages

Conventional loan or Fixed-rate Mortgage

A fixed-rate mortgage offers a fixed interest rate for the life of the loan—terms for a conventional or fixed-rate mortgage range between 10 to 30 years.

What’s The Difference Between A Loan And A Mortgage?

People interchangeably use the words loan and mortgage. However, both have minor variations. In bank jargon, a loan is a process of borrowing money from the bank or financial institutions. 

In the whole scenario, the giver is called the lender, and the recipient is called a borrower. Creditor and debtor are also used to express both roles involved in the lending process.

Open-ended loans, close-ended loans, payday loans, and student loans are common loan types that offer higher interest rates and a short repayment period than a mortgage. Such types of loans may be secured or unsecured, depending upon the loan program, and could be lent for any reason.

On the other hand, a mortgage is a secured loan, specially designed estate capitalization. In a mortgage loan, the lender is known as a mortgagee, and the borrower is called a mortgagor.

The prospective property is often called a mortgage as well or an agreement between the mortgagee and mortgagor. One of the best highlights of a home loan or mortgage loan is that it promises cheaper interest rates and a longer maturity term, usually around 25 years.

Who Gets A Mortgage? 

Some lending conventions are globally followed to ensure the loan’s security. For that, certain constraints are applied before loan payment. Below are some preliminary checks that could vary from lender to lender. But, common requirements are

  • At least 3.5% to 25% down payment of the loan amount. 
  • Mortgage insurance if the deposit is below 20%.
  • Age should not be above 60 if employed.
  • Age should not be above 65 if self-employed.
  • Debt-to-income ratio.
  • Credit score.
  • Credit History.
  • Credit card bill payments.
  • Cash reserves.
  • No crime history

After checking all, the mortgage writing process begins where the lender applies an in-depth check before considering the borrower eligible for the mortgage loan. 

What is a mortgage simple definition?

A property asset, banks, or financial institutes require from the mortgagor for loan’s security. If the mortgagor flunks, the creditor automatically becomes the owner according to the contract and has proprietary rights on the mortgaged property. 

What is home equity?

Home equity is the difference between what you owe to the house vs the house’s current market value. For example, Mr James purchased his beloved home in Texas for $200K in 2011. After 8 years, his house is worth $400K. The difference between the spent amount(at the time of purchase) vs the currency amount(worth after 8 years) is home equity, which is $200K in this example. 

What is negative amortization?

Repayments that are not enough to cover the principal and interest amount increases the debt amount each month. The unpaid amount is added to the principal. Such an increment called negative amortization. 

What is mortgage underwriting?

Mortgage underwriting is a documentation process, takes place after a borrower submits the mortgage request. The lender applies an in-depth check on the borrower’s credit history before considering him eligible for the loan. Based on your history, the mortgage underwriter approves or rejects the mortgage request.

What is a mortgage example?

Mr James is a resident of New York City who wants to purchase vacant land for his office. The property is worth $300K, but he has $60K as Cash.

He can purchase his dream estate property with a home loan from the bank or lending institutes after submitting the property’s documents he already owns along with some deposit, which is $60K in this example.

Mr James can then purchase the desired property with the loan amount, and this loan is called a mortgage loan since real estate property is mortgaged.

The lent sum could be repaid within 25 Year or beyond, based upon the creditor’s lending pattern.

What is Title Insurance?

The seller must have a clear and impediment-free title to the home before selling it to you. Title insurance is a one time fee that protects lenders and homebuyers if someone claims the property. Title insurance defends the title from commonly filed claims such as conflicting wills, liens, and taxes.  

What is a prepayment penalty?

A prepayment penalty is a fee imposed by some lenders if the borrower pays off all the amount before the ending of repayment terms. 

What is a reverse mortgage?

A reverse mortgage is similar to a traditional mortgage but available only for borrowers 62 or above. The borrower doesn’t have to make monthly repayments. However, the borrower still has the responsibility to pay property tax. The loan is fully repaid once the borrower dies or moves on permanently. 

What is a promissory note?

A promissory note is a legal agreement between two parties in which the borrower party agrees to pay the debt on a committed day.

Related links